The exact date that Abraham
of Frederick County, Maryland, may have gone to Bedford County,
Pennsylvania, is not known.
The first record found was the purchase of 60 3/4 acres of land
Abraham Miley called "Miley's
Fancy" in Friends Cove, Colerain Township, Bedford County,
on June 9, 1791, for 36
pounds Pennsylvania currency.
Abraham and Elizabeth Harclerode
(daughter of John Harclerode) probably were married
in Bedford County. Their
first child, John, was born July 18, 1792.
John Harclerode (Harkleroad/Herchelroth/Hergelroth) came with the migration
of families from Loudoun
County, Virginia, to Colerain Township. Records of Loudoun County
show John Harkleroad leased 135
acres in the Parish of Shelburne, on March 18, 1785.
From records of itinerant
pastor John William Runckel of Evangelical Reformed Church,
Frederick, Maryland: Elisabeth
Hergelroth [no age given] was among a list of young people
confirmed in Loudoun County,
Virginia, on August 29, 1789, and on the following day took communion.
John Harclerode first appears
in Colerain Township in the 1790 Federal Census. He purchased
332 acres of land in the
same township on February 4, 1791. His will of January 22, 1814,
probated January 26, 1814,
mentioned that his children should share equally in his estate.
The estate was in Court
for several years, particularly Common Pleas sessions of April
August 1823, before Abraham
and Elizabeth received their share.*
Abraham and Elizabeth sold
their land in Colerain Township on October 27, 1794 to Lewis
for 120 pounds Pa. currency.
On September 16, 1795, Abraham entered into an agreement to
purchase one half of a 200 acre tract called "Union"
along Bloody Run in Providence Township from
William and John Paxton
for 160 pounds. The land had been surveyed pursuant to a warrant
to William Paxton
and Michael Barndollar. Abraham was to pay 60 pounds at execution
of the agreement
and the balance in three
equal yearly installments, the first of which was to be made
on April 1, 1797;
and, he punctually fulfilled
his part of the agreement. William Paxton had promised to
deliver a clear patent from the Commonwealth, but he died before
making a deed to Abraham. At Orphans Court, May 20, 1799, Catherine
Frederick Coontz, administrators of the estate of William Paxton,
requested authority to make
a good title to this land to Abraham Buzzard, and their request
It was not until the Orphans
Court at April Session of 1809 settled all legal matters between
that Abraham was able to
get a clear title to his half of the land, for which the survey
returned 94 acres.
This land and improvement
(house and buildings) was located on the north side of the Raystown
Branch of the
Juniata River, and on both
sides of the State Road (now US Route 30) in the village of Bloody
(now Everett), adjoining
land of James Elliot on the east and Charles Sparks on the west. Also,
agreement of September 16,
1795, Abraham agreed to let William Paxton have one half of the
on this land for 10 pounds.
[This quarry is still visible at the west end of Everett across
from the bridge.]
On March 30, 1805, Abraham
obtained a warrant for 44 acres with an improvement (later called
on both sides of the State Road, adjoining his land and that
of Charles Sparks.
At that time he had a total
of 138 acres of land in what is now Everett. Both of these tracts
sold to Samuel Tate,
Innkeeper, on April 8, 1809.
During the time that Abraham
owned this land he operated a "Public House of Entertainment
for travellers and others in the house where he lives on the
Great Road from Bedford to Philadelphia." On January 25,
1796 he applied for a license to sell liquor, but was rejected.
Then on July 1, 1796 he was cited for tippling (selling
liquor without a license). His petition for tavern license was
approved May 1801 and again in August 1803.
He also signed petitions
recommending the approval of tavern license for Joseph Coulter,
Michael Howard, and others.
At a Court of General Quarter
Sessions of August 1802, several inhabitants petitioned the Court
to have a
public road laid out from
Abraham Bussard's to intersect the road leading from present
day Breezewood to
Hancock, Maryland. The Court
approved the appointed committee's recommendations, and a survey
November 12 and 13, 1802
laid out the 8-3/4 miles of road, beginning at the dwelling house
of Abraham Bussard and intersecting present day Route 126 at the
dwelling house of William Conner.
Abraham was involved in
the civic matters of early Bedford County. He served on the Grand
Jury of the
General Quarter Sessions
Court at various times. At the January 1825 Session of Common
Abraham Bussard, Michael Ritchey,
James Moore, Valentine
Hollar, and Peter Barndollar
were appointed to lay out
a road from John Lutz's
fulling mill in Providence Township
Bedford - McConnellsburg
turnpike. The group's recommendations for layout of the road
approved by the Court, and
it was ordered to be built, at their August 1825 session.
Abraham was also involved
in numerous court battles over the years with neighbors; sometimes
winning, sometimes losing, but always settling differences in
a civilized manner.
On April 27, 1811, Abraham
purchased 300 acres in Providence Township from Henry and Jean
previously warranted by
George Smith on September 2, 1785. These acres adjoined
Cloe Sparks on
the south, Tussey Mountain
on the west, Warrior Ridge on the east, and the survey of Charles
on the north. On May 31,
1816, he purchased an additional 103 acres at the foot of Warrior
Daniel and Elizabeth Long. Both of these tracts are located in Black
Valley, West Providence Twp.,
about 3 miles south of Everett,
Abraham and Elizabeth lived
the rest of their lives on these lands. Abraham eventually turned
the property over to son, John. Some of this property still remains
with their direct descendants. The site of their dwelling house
near a large rock, at the foot of Tussey Mountain, is now the
new home site of their descendant. The Bussard Family
Cemetery is across Black Valley
on top of Warrior Ridge.
Location of Abraham and
Elizabeth Bussard's home, near the foot of Tussey Mt. (as it appeared
Same site as it appeared
in May 2000
The exact death dates of
Abraham and Elizabeth are not known. It is believed that Elizabeth
died sometime between recording of the 1840 and 1850 censuses.
In the 1850 census, Abraham was 82 years and was living with
son John. He evidently died before the 1860 census. They are
probably buried in the Bussard Cemetery.
The known children of Abraham
and Elizabeth Bussard were:
John, born 18 July 1792, died 6 April 1872, married Christina
Eckline/Exline, born 5 March 1799,
died 26 July 1890. John
and Christina are buried in the Bussard Cemetery.
Daniel, born 11 February 1797, died 10 March 1859, married 5
October 1826, Sarah "Sallie" Smith, born
about 1806, died 8 August
1890. Daniel is probably buried in the Bussard Cemetery. Sarah
is buried in
Union Church Cemetery, Schellsburg,
Bedford County, with daughter Elizabeth Whetstone and family.
Samuel, born about 4 October
1799, died 11 October 1875, married Susan Mower, born about 1802,
died 1 October 1879. Samuel and Susan are buried in Trinity Reformed
Church Cemetery, Friends Cove.
Catherine, born about 1800 (50 on 1850 census) married ______
Elizabeth, born 28 September 1801, died 29 September 1853, married
born 2 October 1793, died
13 September 1853, son of John Steckman. Elizabeth and George
are buried in Steckman
Family Cemetery, in Black Valley.
Abraham H., born about 20 December 1802, died 20 September 1864,
married Rachel _______, born
Henry, born after 1800, married 8 December 1831, Elizabeth Putmin.
This information is from
records of Bedford County, Pa. - Deeds, Wills, Death records,
Orphans Court, Common Pleas Court, Court of General Quarter Sessions;
also, Federal Censuses, cemetery recordings,
newspaper articles, Loudoun County, Va. Land Records, and Frederick,
Md. Evangelical Reformed Church records. Details of these sources
can be provided.
*More information about
the Harclerode family can be found in "The Pioneer,"
by the Pioneer Historical Society of Bedford County, Bedford,
Pa., Volume 9, No. 1, January 1983,
'A Home in the Promised
Land,' by Glenna Fisher.)
If you have additional information,
comments, or questions relating to the Bussard Family, Bob would
be most interested in hearing from you. Please contact him at: